RISK2 partners CENER have joined forces with Netherlands Environmental Agency (PBL), Wageningen Economic Research and Wageningen Environmental Research to complete a study for the European Commission. It provides a systematic analysis of the latest available scientific research and evidence on indirect land use change (ILUC) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with biofuels and bio liquids production.

Raw material for biofuel production cannot be obtained value due to EU mandatory sustainability criteria. However this does not necessarily protect land from being used to produce raw materials for other purposes in unsustainable ways or prevent displacement of agricultural production. The study, coordinated by CENER, recognises the challenges inherent in determining the effects of ILUC and recommends mitigation options.